Have you ever wondered what makes a flower a flower? Did you know that the flower is actually made up of female and male parts? Yes, that is correct. Many flowers have male parts and female parts. We’ll start with the male part first. The male part of the flower is known as the stamen. The [...]
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The leaf is a good deal more complex than many would assume. Their daily functions are spectacular and give us a lot of insight as to how a plant uses leaves to manufacture complex enzymes, proteins, vitamins, sugars, etc. from the nutrients it takes up through its roots. We’ll start with the epidermis. The epidermis is [...]
The epidermis of the leaf has unique features that aid in the survival of the plant. We are going to take a look into some of these unique features inside the lower epidermis of the leaf, starting with the outer protective layer of the epidermis. It’s waxy to help prevent water loss, and that wax or [...]
Calcium (Ca) is an element which is vital to virtually any living thing, be it plant or animal. It has many different critical roles. Calcium plays a very similar role in a plant as it does in animals. It is essential in the development of a firm structure that lays the foundation for healthy and strong [...]
Phosphorus (P), an essential macronutrient, is a vital component for several different factors of plant growth. In the list of essential nutrients, there are two categories which help to divide the elements up based upon the quantities required for plants to thrive: macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients are nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and sulfur. The first [...]
Plants require various elements to remain viable and flourish in their growth. One of the more vital elements to the health of plants is carbon which plants obtain from the gas, carbon dioxide, otherwise known as CO2. Carbon dioxide is the lifeblood of plants. Just as human beings require oxygen to be able to breathe and [...]
Chlorine is actually one of the more plentiful elements on the entire planet. It is found all around us, abundant in soils, minerals, plants and even animals. Seawater is a major collector of dissolved chlorine. Oceans accumulate chlorine from dissolved mineral deposits that are transported from the continents by rivers. Plants take up chlorine in its [...]
Molybdenum (Mo) does not always get the attention it deserves. This essential element plays a very important role in the growth and development of plants. In the majority of agricultural soils, the content of molybdenum is somewhere in the range of 0.6 ppm – 3.5 ppm with an average of 2 ppm. Plants typically take up [...]
Despite the fact that it has been known for over 70 years that sulfur, in combination with other elements is necessary for plant nutrition, the question of sulfur content in plants seems to have gotten very little attention in the broad spectrum of plant health. Why is sulfur so necessary to plants? Sulfur is vital for [...]
Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is a naturally occurring process that takes place in plants, algae and even some forms of bacteria. They utlize the sun’s energy to convert CO2 into carbohydrates. Photosynthesis is an essential part of life on Earth. During photosynthesis CO2 expelled by animals, humans and burning hydrocarbons is absorbed and oxygen is released. There are [...]