The epidermis of the leaf has unique features that aid in the survival of the plant. We are going to take a look into some of these unique features inside the lower epidermis of the leaf, starting with the outer protective layer of the epidermis. It’s [...]
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Calcium (Ca) is an element which is vital to virtually any living thing, be it plant or animal. It has many different critical roles. Calcium plays a very similar role in a plant as it does in animals. It is essential in the development of a [...]
Phosphorus (P), an essential macronutrient, is a vital component for several different factors of plant growth. In the list of essential nutrients, there are two categories which help to divide the elements up based upon the quantities required for plants to thrive: macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients [...]
Plants require various elements to remain viable and flourish in their growth. One of the more vital elements to the health of plants is carbon which plants obtain from the gas, carbon dioxide, otherwise known as CO2. Carbon dioxide is the lifeblood of plants. Just as [...]
Solid Chlorine: By Alexander C. Wimmer Chlorine is actually one of the more plentiful elements on the entire planet. It is found all around us, abundant in soils, minerals, plants and even animals. Seawater is a major collector of dissolved chlorine. Oceans accumulate chlorine [...]
Molybdenum (Mo) does not always get the attention it deserves. This essential element plays a very important role in the growth and development of plants. In the majority of agricultural soils, the content of molybdenum is somewhere in the range of 0.6 ppm – 3.5 ppm [...]
Despite the fact that it has been known for over 70 years that sulfur, in combination with other elements is necessary for plant nutrition, the question of sulfur content in plants seems to have gotten very little attention in the broad spectrum of plant health. [...]
Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is a naturally occurring process that takes place in plants, algae and even some forms of bacteria. They utlize the sun’s energy to convert CO2 into carbohydrates. Photosynthesis is an essential part of life on Earth. During photosynthesis CO2 expelled by animals, humans and [...]
The phloem collects photoassimilates in green leaves, distributes them in the plant and supplies the plant organs. The phloem is specially designed for loading, long‐distance transport and unloading of assimilates. The conducting cells are called sieve elements. These cells are highly modified to create a simple [...]
Aren’t these roots in the picture beautiful? We wish we lived in a world where all roots looked this way, but sadly we don’t. Because we live in the real world, houseplants, trees, plants, or shrubs are often over watered; their leaves start to get dull, [...]